Report on the 3rd UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction | Tohoku University DRR Actions


ID:188 Resilient Communities: Our Home, Our Communities, Our Recovery

9:15-11:45(Door Open 9:05)
Tohoku University Mutimedia Hall

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Japanese ・ English
Simultaneous interpretation


E-mail:murao* (Please replace * to @)
International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University


Tohoku University International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS) /  UN-Habitat (United Nations Human Settlements Programme)



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Number of participants 100

At this symposium, a mayor and some community leaders of the disaster-stricken areas, such as the Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004 and the Great East Japan Earthquake were invited as speakers.

In the first session, the speakers gave a lecture on the damage by the disaster, current situation of reconstruction, recovery process, and recovery plan based on their real experiences.

The mayor of Banda Aceh City, Indonesia made a presentation on “resilient city for community”. As for a community leader of Bann Nam Khem, Thailand talked about “environmental landscape improvement project”. The project manager of UN-Habitat Myanmar gave a speech on “project of domestic infrastructure improvement”. A community leader of DAMPA in Philippines presented “Women-led initiative in Tanauan Leyte”. Representatives from Oita prefecture and Kamaishi City introduced their “structural measures and non-structural measures” and “local voluntary disaster management” respectively.

In the second session (panel discussion), we discussed on the difference between before and after disasters, the enabling roles of local governments for building community resilience and recommendation to those who have never experienced large disasters such as tsunami. The conclusions are as follows.

1. The recovery process focusing on communities is important for building back better.

2. Experiencing post tsunami reconstruction and rehabilitation processes, communities had developed their resilient strategies physically and non-physically.

3. Facing difficulties leads to enhance the power of communities,

4. Concrete visions and activities are indispensable as well as money.

5. As mainstreaming disaster risk reduction through recovery process, essential elements are as below.

  • Preparation of recovery process manual
  • linked with local authorities
  • DRR included in Construction trainings at national level
  • DRR plans for townships
  • enhance capacity on preparedness

Speakers are feeling community resilience has strengthened and has been sustained. The discussion was fruitful for speakers and audience. We shared lessons learned from the disasters.


The panel aims to shed light on the voices of communities and lessons of recovering from the major disasters and building community resilience through the 'Peoples Process,' where people and communities are placed in the center of decisions and actions. The enabling roles of local governments and mayors will also be highlighted.


MC: Prof. Namiko Minai, Japan Women’s University

Welcome Address
・Prof. Osamu Murao, IRIDeS, Tohoku University
・Mr. Yoshinobu Fukasawa, Director, UN-Habitat Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

Panel Discussion on Community Resilience
Moderator:Ms. Mariko Sato, UN-Habitat Bangkok
・Prof. Osamu Murao, IRIDeS, Tohoku University
・Mr.Maitree Jongkraijak, Bann Nam Khem Community Leader, Phang Nga Province and Coordinator, the Network of the tsunami victims, Thailand
・Ms. Cheryl Padullo, a community leader in DAMPA and Barangay official of Buntay Tanauan, Leyte, Philippines
・Mr. Maung Maung Myint, UN-Habitat Myanmar
・Ms. Atsu Shibata, a community representative, Kamaishi City, Japan
・Mr. Shigetoshi Miyawaki, a community representative, Saeki City, Japan
・Ms. Illiza Binti Saadudin Djamal, Mayor of Banda Aceh, Indonesia
・Mr. Alfred S. Romualdez, Mayor of Tacloban City, the Philippines (TBC)

Q and A

Concluding Remarks

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